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Situated in Golden Bay, New Zealand, Project Rameka is a carbon sink focusing on forest restoration, biodiversity and non-motorised recreation. It is also a local response to global climate change.
30 mins by ferry from downtown Auckland, Motutapu Island is one of the jewels in the Inner Hauraki Gulf. Farmed since the 1860's most of the original vegetation was stripped for pasture leaving only remnant pockets of native species along the coastline and in deep valleys. The island's geological origins are Jurassic being approximately 165 million years old and it is joined by causeway to Rangitoto a mere 600 year old volcano consisting of lava fields.
Orokonui Ecosanctuary is a 307ha cloud forest 20 minutes north of Dunedin. It aims to restore its ecosystem to the way it was before humans introduced pests, farming and tree felling. Surrounded by a pest exclusion fence in 2007 it now provides safe habitat for native flora and fauna particularly those threatened with extinction including Haast tokoeka kiwi, kaka, saddleback, robin, jewelled gecko, fernbird and rifleman. Activities include self guided walking, guided tours, education programme, volunteer programme, venue hire, cafe and shop.
Bluff Hill/Motupohue Environment Trust (BHMET), established in 2008, is dedicated to the restoration and protection of the natural environment on and around Bluff Hill. We do this through pest control, revegetation, and raising public awareness. In the future we will include the translocation of native species in our restoration efforts.
Nga Manu Trust administers Nga Manu Nature Reserve which in turn preserves the largest remnant of Coastal Lowland Swamp Forest left on the Kapiti Coast. The trust promotes conservation education, research and involvement in recovery programs for our native flora and fauna.
Woodridge Planters is a restoration group that has been operating since 2006, with the aim of planting native trees in the reserves in Woodridge. The planting is a mixture of riparian planting, forest restoration, and amenity planting. A key aim is to involve the community and so we have special planting days for the local community, families, community groups such as the Scouts and Art of Living, corporate groups, and overseas students. The University of the Third Age has visited our site, and we work with a local rest home/hospital to propagate native plants.
The landowners share a vision extending beyond 50 years to restore the coastal communities of land and sea birds, reptiles and invertebrates that would once have existed on the Cape Kidnappers peninsula. The project aims to achieve nationally significant species conservation gains within a highly modified farming and multi-use landscape including forestry, tourism and recreation.
We use the term ‘representative’ because there are limitations to full restoration, such as species that have since become extinct and exotic species that cannot be controlled or excluded. The context in which we are working has also irreversibly changed. What was once part of a vast unbroken ecosystem is now essentially a 225ha island surrounded by suburbs and scrubland.