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Dune and open coast areas

Sand dunes are important as an interface between the land and the sea. They provide a buffer area to the land behind the dunes protecting it from erosion. Unfortunately sand dunes have been damaged and destroyed by development of coastal land and human activities such as sand boarding and people driving on them. Introduced weeds and pest animals have also had a severe effect on them. One of the main weeds affecting dunes is marram grass (Ammophila arenaria). Marram grass has been used to stabilise dunes in the past but it builds tall, steep dunes and prevents the natural movement of sand. Native sand-binding plants which are more salt tolerant such as pingao (Ficinia spiralis) and spinifex (Spinifex sericeus) are better at protecting dune systems. The native sand-binding plants form low profiled dunes which allow for natural movement of sand, more dune development and therefore greater dune stability. These plants also aid dune recovery after storms.

Here are some useful resources to help you get start with your sand dune restoration projects. For more general information on getting started go to Getting started.

Here are some resources to help you decide what to plant in your sand dunes. For more general advice on planting, eco sourcing or growing, go to Planting

Controlling pest animals and plants is the cornerstone of most ecological restoration projects. The natural processes of sand dunes have often been modified by invasive weeds such as marram (Ammophila arenaria) and kikuyu (Pennisetum